For decades Iraq has been squabbling with both neighbors about getting its fair share of the water. The dispute nearly flared into violence in the early 1970s, after Turkey and Syria diverted the Euphrates into a series of reservoirs and nearly dried out the river downstream in Iraq.
In Syria, a devastating drought in the Euphrates Valley beginning in 2006 forced farmers to abandon their fields and migrate to urban centers; many observers believe that the migration fed opposition to Bashar al-Assad and sparked the civil war, in which nearly 500,000 people have died.
Damascus : The drying up of Euphrates, Syria's longest river is raising concerns as the demise of the water body could lead to a humanitarian disaster in the country. ... Rising temperatures, lower rainfall and drought across the region are depriving people of drinking water and agricultural water.
In the spring, when melted snow from nearby mountains flowed into the Tigris and Euphrates and the rivers overflowed their banks , the crops that were ready for harvest could be destroyed. Often, the floods ruined an entire harvest.
Iraq's two main rivers, the Euphrates and the Tigris, will run completely dry within two decades unless action is taken , a report by the country's water ministry has warned. The two rivers, which originate in Turkey and run through Syria, are the source of up to 98 per cent of Iraq's surface water suppl
Iraq's Tigris and Euphrates rivers could run dry by 2040 because of declining water levels and climate change, a government report said on Thursda
Euphrates River, Turkish Fırat Nehri, Arabic Nahr Al-Furāt, river, Middle East. ... It then flows through western and central Iraq to unite with the Tigris River and continues, as Shatt Al-Arab, to the Persian Gulf .
The Euphrates is drying up. Strangled by the water policies of Iraq's neighbors, Turkey and Syria ; a two-year drought; and years of misuse by Iraq and its farmers, the river is significantly smaller than it was just a few years ago. ... Along the river, rice and wheat fields have turned to baked dir
Below Al-Nāṣiriyyah the river flows into marshes and then joins the Tigris at Al-Qurnah to form the Shatt al-Arab . Several major irrigation, drainage, and desalinization projects were halted by the Iran-Iraq War in the 1980s, the Persian Gulf War (1990–91), and the subsequent trade embargo on Iraq during the 1990s.
Climate change is affecting the hydrological cycle all over the World. ... North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is responsible for the change in climate over the Tigris and Euphrates basins. This is causing a decrease in rainfall and a consequence decrease in the flow of the rivers . In addition, the temperature is increasin
In the spring, when melted snow from nearby mountains flowed into the Tigris and Euphrates and the rivers overflowed their banks , the crops that were ready for harvest could be destroyed. Often, the floods ruined an entire harvest. Livestock, including cows, pigs, and sheep, were often drowned by the floodwaters.